Delivery refers to the process of giving birth to a child. In the lack of adequate medical facilities, the deliveries in the older times were done at home, often in the presence of midwife or dai. With the medical advancement, even the most complicated deliveries are now conducted with great safety and convenience at multispecialty hospitals, where all the facilities for the mother as well as the child care are available. The current practice aims to make the transition from ‘being pregnant’ to ‘being a mother’ as smooth and convenient as possible.

Types of Delivery

Vaginal Delivery (Normal Delivery)

The natural, most common and safest method of childbirth is the vaginal delivery. In many cases, the delivery does not require any major intervention by the doctor. However, sometimes the gynaecologist/obstetrician may use special instruments like forceps (similar to large spoons) to guide the movement of the baby through the birth canal by cupping the head. Alternately, suction cup may be used, if required, to gently pull the baby out from the birth canal.

Cesarean birth/C-section

Sometimes, a vaginal delivery may not be possible because of some complications. In such cases, the obstetrician conducts the delivery surgically, by making a cut in the belly of the mother and the uterus. Cesarean section nowadays is a commonly conducted and safe procedure. In most cases, a C-section doesn’t require general anaesthesia and epidural or spinal anaesthesia (an injection in the lower back where only the lower portion of the body is numbed) is adequate. A C-section is carried out by a trained obstetrician, with the help of an anaesthetist and trained nursing and operation theatre staff. Generally, a neonatologist also attends the procedure.

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